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Rocks, Minerals, Weathering and Erosion

Page history last edited by coylem@... 7 years, 5 months ago


Part 1:  What makes a mineral?


Textbook Connection:

  • Review concepts in Chapter 8 (Earth Chemistry) in Modern Earth Science
  • read Chapter 9 (Minerals) in Modern Earth Science


A mineral is... 

  • naturally occuring
  • inorganic (no carbon/not made of dead organisms)
  • crystalline (crystals)
  • solid




Minerals: What are they? How to identify them What are they used for?


Common Minerals and Their Uses

What are minerals used for? (article)

Review: How Minerals Form

Minerals In Your Home Game

Review: Mineral Resources


Growing Crystals Lab.doc


Density of Minerals Lab

Virtual Version of Density Lab

Mineral Density Resource (alphabetical)

Cooling Time and Crystal Size Lab


Mining For Minerals Activity


MasterMines (NatGeo Mineral ID game)  



Part 2:  What makes a rock?



Textbook Connection:

  • read Chapter 10 (Rocks) in Modern Earth Science



A rock is... 

  • a solid mixture of one or more minerals or other materials

3 main classes of rock:

  • igneous
  • sedimentary
  • metamorphic




Interactive Tour of the Rock Cycle


Online Interactive Tour of the Rock Cycle


Rock Cycle Game 


Rock Identification Key


Rock Cycle Webquest



Rock Match Game


Rock Identification Practice Game



Chocolate Rock Cycle Lab.doc


Igneous Rock Scheme ID.rtf

Igneous Rocks.pdf

Igneous Rock ID lab.pdf

Igneous Rock ID Scheme How To.ppt


Sedimentary Rocks.pdf

Sedimentary Rocks ID.pdf


Metamorphic Rocks.pdf

Metamorphic Rocks ID.pdf



Part 3:  Weathering and Erosion



Enduring Understandings:

  1. Weathering is the breakdown of rocks into "transportable" materials by physical and chemical means.
  2. Erosion is the transport of weathered materials to new locations by any of severals agents, including wind, water, glaciers, and gravity.
  3. Deposition is the process of placing eroded materials in new places.
  4. The processes of weathering, erosion and deposition leave distinctive features that allow them to be identified.



Textbook Connection:


  • read Chapter 7 (Weathering, Erosion, and Soil) 


Types of Weathering:

  • Chemical weathering:  breaking down rock by changing its chemical composition, examples include hydrolysis, carbonation, oxidation, acid rain.
  • Mechanical weathering: the physical breakdown of rock into smaller pieces, chemical composition does not change, examples include abrasion, fracture, crystal growthice wedging, exfoliation, activity of plants and animals.


Weathering Interactive Walk Through



Erosion: process by which the products of weathering are transported


The four main agents of erosion are:

  1. Wind
  2. Water
  3. Ice
  4. Gravity





Mass Movements Walkthrough


Weathering Erosion Deposition Soils Notes.pdf


weathering rates graph activity.pdf


Rates of Weathering Lab Alka Seltzer.pdf


Shape it Up Game (choose the agent of erosion)




Flooding Walk Through


Animation: Deposition of Sediments in Moving Water


Virtual Rivers Online Lab Activity


Virtual Rivers Flooding Online Lab Activity



Stream Discharge Graphing Activity.pdf


River Intro.ppt

River Systems Notes: River Systems.doc


Groundwater Walk Through

Groundwater Erosion and Karst Topogaphy

How Sinkholes Form





Glaciers of the Northeastern US:  a brief history

Animation of Glacial Formation

Animation of Glacial Advance

Animation of Glacial Retreat






Glacier Walk Through


Glacier Simulation 

Adjust mountain snowfall and temperature to see the glacier grow and shrink. Use scientific tools to measure thickness, velocity and glacial budget.

Click to Download (Java Required)


There is evidence of glaciation across the state of Vermont.  Here is a look at the geology of one of my favorite NE Kingdom glacial lakes, Lake Willoughby





Shoreline Erosion Walk Through








Applied Geology, Forensic Geology:


Murder at Prospect Cove A Crime Scene Investigation


Geologic Map of Vermont



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