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Rocks, Minerals, Weathering and Erosion

Page history last edited by coylem@... 7 years, 5 months ago

 

Part 1:  What makes a mineral?

 

Textbook Connection:

  • Review concepts in Chapter 8 (Earth Chemistry) in Modern Earth Science
  • read Chapter 9 (Minerals) in Modern Earth Science

 

A mineral is... 

  • naturally occuring
  • inorganic (no carbon/not made of dead organisms)
  • crystalline (crystals)
  • solid

 

 

 

Minerals: What are they? How to identify them What are they used for?

 

Common Minerals and Their Uses

What are minerals used for? (article)

Review: How Minerals Form

Minerals In Your Home Game

Review: Mineral Resources

 

Growing Crystals Lab.doc

 

Density of Minerals Lab

Virtual Version of Density Lab

Mineral Density Resource (alphabetical)

Cooling Time and Crystal Size Lab

 

Mining For Minerals Activity

 

MasterMines (NatGeo Mineral ID game)  

 


 

Part 2:  What makes a rock?

 

 

Textbook Connection:

  • read Chapter 10 (Rocks) in Modern Earth Science

 

 

A rock is... 

  • a solid mixture of one or more minerals or other materials

3 main classes of rock:

  • igneous
  • sedimentary
  • metamorphic

 

 

 

Interactive Tour of the Rock Cycle

 

Online Interactive Tour of the Rock Cycle

 

Rock Cycle Game 

 

Rock Identification Key

 

Rock Cycle Webquest

 

 

Rock Match Game

 

Rock Identification Practice Game

 

Assignments:

Chocolate Rock Cycle Lab.doc

 

Igneous Rock Scheme ID.rtf

Igneous Rocks.pdf

Igneous Rock ID lab.pdf

Igneous Rock ID Scheme How To.ppt

 

Sedimentary Rocks.pdf

Sedimentary Rocks ID.pdf

 

Metamorphic Rocks.pdf

Metamorphic Rocks ID.pdf

 

 


Part 3:  Weathering and Erosion

 

 

Enduring Understandings:

  1. Weathering is the breakdown of rocks into "transportable" materials by physical and chemical means.
  2. Erosion is the transport of weathered materials to new locations by any of severals agents, including wind, water, glaciers, and gravity.
  3. Deposition is the process of placing eroded materials in new places.
  4. The processes of weathering, erosion and deposition leave distinctive features that allow them to be identified.

 

 

Textbook Connection:

 

  • read Chapter 7 (Weathering, Erosion, and Soil) 

 

Types of Weathering:

  • Chemical weathering:  breaking down rock by changing its chemical composition, examples include hydrolysis, carbonation, oxidation, acid rain.
  • Mechanical weathering: the physical breakdown of rock into smaller pieces, chemical composition does not change, examples include abrasion, fracture, crystal growthice wedging, exfoliation, activity of plants and animals.

 

Weathering Interactive Walk Through

 

 

Erosion: process by which the products of weathering are transported

 

The four main agents of erosion are:

  1. Wind
  2. Water
  3. Ice
  4. Gravity

 

 

General:

 

Mass Movements Walkthrough

 

Weathering Erosion Deposition Soils Notes.pdf

 

weathering rates graph activity.pdf

 

Rates of Weathering Lab Alka Seltzer.pdf

 

Shape it Up Game (choose the agent of erosion)

 

Water:

 

Flooding Walk Through

 

Animation: Deposition of Sediments in Moving Water

 

Virtual Rivers Online Lab Activity

 

Virtual Rivers Flooding Online Lab Activity

 

 

Stream Discharge Graphing Activity.pdf

 

River Intro.ppt

River Systems Notes: River Systems.doc

 

Groundwater Walk Through

Groundwater Erosion and Karst Topogaphy

How Sinkholes Form

 

 

Ice:

 

Glaciers of the Northeastern US:  a brief history

Animation of Glacial Formation

Animation of Glacial Advance

Animation of Glacial Retreat

 

Topographic_Features_of_the_Taku_Glacier_Region.doc

 

 

 

Glacier Walk Through

 

Glacier Simulation 

Adjust mountain snowfall and temperature to see the glacier grow and shrink. Use scientific tools to measure thickness, velocity and glacial budget.

Click to Download (Java Required)

 

There is evidence of glaciation across the state of Vermont.  Here is a look at the geology of one of my favorite NE Kingdom glacial lakes, Lake Willoughby


 

 

Other:

 

Shoreline Erosion Walk Through

 

 

Soil_Nutrients.ppt

Soil_Testing.ppt

 

 


 

Applied Geology, Forensic Geology:

 

Murder at Prospect Cove A Crime Scene Investigation

 

Geologic Map of Vermont

 

 



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